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Uneven skin tone, or hyperpigmentation, is the darkening of the skin in irregular patterns. The cause is an excess of melanin, the pigment that gives skin and hair their color. Through these dark patches and blotches, we resemble "aged skin" that could speed up the aging process.

Read on to learn more about uneven skin tone from its causes, improving one’s complexion, and more.

The Causes

While we all want perfect skin, the truth is that many of us have uneven skin tones. This can cause redness, acne scars, age spots, or sun damage, resulting in blemishes or color patches on the skin. Below are the most common causes to uneven skin tone:

Sun Exposure

Sun damage happens when your skin is continuously exposed to UV rays. Excess melanin production to protect the skin from UV rays leads to brown spots and uneven skin tone.


Particles and gasses from traffic pollution can enter the skin and cause brown blotches, especially on the face.


Hormones are to blame for melasma, a kind of hyperpigmentation produced by hormones. It is most frequent in pregnant or contraceptive women, although it can also happen as a result of a reaction to cosmetics or drugs.


Scarring from acne lesions or skin damage causes post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).

How to Improve Your Complexion's Evenness

By changing your habits, you can improve the appearance of your skin.

Hydrate and Moisturize

Hydrating your skin and body will greatly benefit them. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.

Moisturizer moisturizes the skin while also reducing dryness and redness. To avoid irritating skin and blocked pores, use non-comedogenic moisturizers.

Keep in mind that you should moisturize your entire body as well as your face. The use of a broad-spectrum moisturizer that protects against UVA and UVB rays can aid in the prevention of age spots.

Apply Sunscreen Religiously

Using sunscreen on a daily basis will help you avoid UV damage, and prevent not only the initial redness and peeling associated with sunburns but also the formation of age spots. Even in the winter and on gloomy days, it is recommended to wear sunscreen.

Eat Clean

Certain foods might cause flushed and uneven skin. Sugary foods, for example, may hasten the aging process, resulting in wrinkles and age spots. Avoiding them can help you keep your skin tone consistent.

Avoid foods like alcohol (which dilates blood vessels and causes flushing), spicy foods (which increase redness), dairy products (which may irritate the skin), and highly processed or fatty foods like chips.

The Natural Skin Brighteners

There are numerous natural home cures for evening out the skin. These are the active ingredients in a wide range of high-end cosmetics, such as:

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that safeguards the body against free radical damage and uneven skin tone. Vitamin C is found in oranges, guava, bell peppers, kiwis, and strawberries.


Niacin is an essential ingredient for healthy skin, hair, and nails. It can help balance out skin tone, minimize wrinkles, improve skin moisture, and brighten the complexion. Niacin is a B vitamin found in chicken, peas, mushrooms, and tuna.

Witch Hazel

Witch hazel is considered a skin toner with soothing and anti-inflammatory ingredients that aid in the relief of inflammation and redness.

Rosehip Oil

Rosehip oil can help you get rid of discoloration. It also includes antioxidants that may help fight free radical damage while also stimulating collagen formation. To reap the most benefits, apply rosehip oil directly to the skin.

Nigella Sativa

Because of its antibacterial and antifungal properties, Nigella sativa oil (blackseed oil) may aid in the treatment of skin infections. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory qualities may help to normalize skin tone.

Kojic Acid

Because of its antioxidant effects, kojic acid can be found in a wide range of over-the-counter products to treat hyperpigmentation. At a concentration of 2%, it is safe in cosmetic goods.


Uneven skin can be caused by sun exposure, aging, medications, or hormones. Skin discoloration and hyperpigmentation, fortunately, can be remedied with natural products and lifestyle modifications. If home remedies do not work after a month and you require more drastic measures, consult your doctor or a skincare specialist.

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